5 Penetration Testing Methodologies

5 What Are Penetration Testing Methodologies

In the case of conducting penetration testing, it is necessary to understand the context of the digital assets. Penetration testing methodology is critical to picking the proper review approach because the choice of test cases and threat models can affect the security assessment. When someone simulates security threats, it is essential to consider the various vulnerabilities that serve as input to create test cases for whole system or applications.

Penetration testing methodologies play an important role in the practice of benchmarking. For example, a comprehensive approach to its testing is combined with different stages of assessment techniques. So, be familiar with the most beneficial Web App Pen Testing methods to provide deeper checking for future projects.

Information System Security Assessment Framework

The ISSAF methodology contains one of the most structured and technical approaches to penetration testing. It permits pen testers to carefully plan and record every checking stage: from planning and evaluation to reporting phases and destroying artifacts.

The more detailed vulnerability assessment section guides the process for each area of ​​the system. In some cases, testers can also discover some details about the instruments real hackers commonly use to target the system’s week spots. Exactly this proves that even particularly sophisticated attack strategies should be planned and executed, which guarantees a huge recovery on assets for businesses looking to determine security vulnerabilities and protect their systems from different hackers’ attacks.

Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual

It is one of the well-known methodologies for technology areas. It is a peer-reviewed methodology that allows companies to provide security audits to specific needs while giving developers access to more secure parts of their operating systems. It also includes data analysis to ensure compliance with rules and laws.

Combining a technical focus, configurability for many environments, and broad support for different types of organizations, it is a versatile first choice among methodologies. So, guaranteeing information security is one of its benefits.

Open Web Application Security Project

It is a set of web application security standards and guidelines that is often the starting point for IT professionals to get started at pen testing. It provides native resources for improving the security posture of internal and external web applications by providing large and small firms with a comprehensive list of common vulnerabilities and what security measures to apply.

The framework provides a penetration testing method to detect some complex security flaws resulting from dangerous development practices. Testers can identify vulnerabilities in various features of modern software. Organizations wishing to develop new web and mobile applications should consider containing these criteria during development to bypass common configuration errors and vulnerabilities.

Penetration Testing Execution Standard

It guides testers through different stages, including initial communication, data gathering, and threat modeling stages. As a result, penetration testers become as familiar with the organization and its technical background as possible before focusing on exploiting potentially vulnerable areas, allowing them to identify the most difficult attack scenarios to try.

If necessary, testers are also instructed to perform post-exploitation testing, which allows them to confirm that formerly identified vulnerabilities were successfully fixed. The seven steps outlined in this standard ensure a successful network penetration test by providing practical advice on which the administration team may rely.

National Institute of Standards and Technology

It provides more specific guidance for diverse stages of the penetration test that can improve an organization’s overall cybersecurity. NIST special publication focuses more on critical infrastructure cybersecurity. So, it addresses information security in various industries.

Most businesses complete penetration tests on the apps and networks to meet their network security standards according to pre-established guidelines. For example, to fulfill their cybersecurity monitoring and assessment obligations to mitigate the hazard of cyberattacks on network devices in every possible way.


When ordering system checking, always ask the penetration testing services what methods and tools the test will be performed with. As you understood, there are many pen testing methods. But some of them are better suited to your project.

Therefore, they should be applied in the first place to conduct vulnerability analysis and ensure software security promptly. Experienced audit companies have the necessary skills and will choose the best method or combine several for a more complete audit.


View the most common questions and answers, where you can also highlight useful and relevant information concerning the open methodologies and security issues.

What is the framework in penetration testing methodologies?

It is the specific content of more comprehensive guidelines for performing penetration tests. It should also explain how to use different security testing tools in various categories.

What steps are common to each penetration testing methodology?

Regardless of the chosen method, the information gathering, hazard modeling, vulnerability analysis, and exploitation phase must be completed. After these steps, a cybersecurity professional prepares a report.

How can automated tools help with security assessments?

To conduct a comprehensive assessment, it is better to use commercial, internal development, and other tools that hackers use during each evaluation. Remember that the goal is to evaluate the system by simulating an attack in the real world and use the many tools at your disposal to accomplish the task effectively.